What is the MLR – Medical Loss Ratio Rule
The MLR – Medical Loss Ratio Rule requires Insurance Companies to at least spend 80 percent of premium dollars on medical services – claims, over all, not on each policyholder. If they don’t, they have to give refunds – rebates. * CMS.Gov * NAIC * (health care.gov) Thus, a higher premium plan MUST pay more in claims, a lower premium plan, can cut claims… by decreasing benefits such as,
- limiting the number of doctors you can see – narrow networks,
- metal levels and
- limited Rx formularies.
Do your part to keep costs down by
Rebates Return of Excess Premium
Aetna 2019 Rebates
Then click on “Minimum Medical Loss Ratio”
There might be rebates for 2018
Kaiser Family Foundation, in a report published this week, said 2018 was “the most favorable year in the ACA-compliant market’s history.” The insurers were so profitable, in fact, that they’ll have to rebate a record $800 million in overcharges to consumers by Sept. 30. The expectation, however, was that the market would eventually stabilize. That’s exactly what has happened. Financial conditions in the individual market began to improve in 2016, when average premiums first began to outpace claims. By last year, when average monthly premiums per enrollee were $559, they outpaced average per capita claims by $167. * Los Angeles Times 5.8.2019 *
Due to some better-than-expected claims results, along with cost-saving measures that have been implemented, Anthem’s Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) dropped below 80% over the 2015-2017 period.
What does this mean? It means that Anthem clients who were enrolled in the 2017 calendar year are getting some money back.
- The annualized rebates will average approximately $142 per member over a 12-month period.
- The rebate checks are distributed directly to the employer and should be sent by September 8th.
- The employer has the option to distribute the rebate to employees or apply it toward future premiums.
- Cal-COBRA members will receive a check directly from Anthem.
- Anthem is required to inform employees that their employer is receiving a rebate. Employee letters are required to be mailed and will be sent by September 18th.
Anthem is committed to providing access to high-quality health care providers and services while working to drive down cost in the health care system. In addition, Anthem is striving to improve its customers’ experience, and efficiently managing their costs is part of that experience.
Blue Shield – Employer Rebates 11.1.2016 CA Health Line
The LA Times reports on 8.5.2015 that Blue Shield (talking points) will pay out $83 million for 2014 an average of $136/policy holder and $21 million to 19,000 small employers, about $1,000.
Health Net 2014 results – no rebates
CA Companies appear to have fine tuned their premiums and claims to meet the MLR Rule and do not have to refund any money for 2013 (Word & Brown Survey) Learn More in Blue Cross Presentation.
Rebates were expected to be 1.3 Billion in 2012!LATimes 4.27.2012 The Hill 5.2014 $332 Million in 2013 – as companies are fine tuning their rates to comply with the rule. Modern Health Care United Health Care has announced a $3,500,000 refund to CA Small Biz. Blue Cross, Blue Shield & Kaiser $50 million LA Times 6.2.2012 Nor, no one can say that Insurance is a Scam, it’s simply a mechanism to share the losses. If you want to pay less premium and are willing to take more of the risk yourself, avoid the 20% “handling charge,” take the Bronze Plan, where you pay 40% of the essential covered benefits. Click here for more info from United Health Care
Blue Shield is voluntarily limiting net income to 2% and giving refunds.
General highlights of the regulations include:
- Rate Increases must be certified by an Actuary CA SB 1163 New Ballot Measure Prop 45 requires Deparment of Insurance Approval
- MLR (Medical Loss Ratio)rebates will be sent to policy holders,which include employers or employee organizations as well as individual plan policyholders.
- Insurers may distribute rebates to employers; in turn, employers would need to issue rebates to employees, based on employee contributions.
- Policyholders are potentially eligible for a rebate determined on a “block” basis. The “block”is defined by:
- Organization size (individual; small or large employer group)
- Legal entity issuing coverage
- State of issuance
- Limited medical and expatriate international plans handled separately
- Small group is defined as 2-50 employees unless a state defines it differently until at least 2016.
- For the 2011 reporting year, issuers of limited medical (mini-med) and expatriate international plans are subject to separate calculation rules.
- The plan’s numerator of the total claims incurred and expenditures for activities that improve health care quality would be multiplied by two.
- Carriers will be required to complete additional quarterly reporting through 2011.
- After reviewing this additional reporting, these adjustments will be revisited by the Secretary for 2012 and beyond.
- Broker commissions will be included in the MLR calculation.
- Non-U.S. insurance companies do not file MLR.
A preliminary analysis of the regulation and the data from this survey support four key points:
- Initial compliance costs (especially accounting, auditing, and contracts with providers and employers) will likely exceed the estimates that accompanied the regulation by a substantial amount for many health plans.
- Plans serving the individual and small-group markets are the most likely to be affected.
- There is no guarantee that the federal MLR rule will lower health costs and premiums. In fact, the incentives under the rule may lead to higher administrative costs, higher-cost benefits, and higher premiums.
- The rule could reduce the number of health plans competing in some markets. ahip hi wire.org Like Aetna and PacifiCare leaving the CA Individual Market
The rate review regulation process
Insure Me Kevin.com – How are premiums determined 3.9.2017
Blue Shield FAQ’s
Government Tool to find out about Rate Increases or Loss Ratio for each Insurance Company
CIGNA’s informed on reform.com
Blue Cross Memo on MLR – Medical Loss Ratio’s
12/3/2010 Section 2718 900 pages
Steve’s Highlights of Blue Cross 7.2012 Small Group Filing
Child, Related Pages & Site Map
- CA Insurance Rate Regulation
Steve’s Explanation of MLR Medical Loss Ratio
Kaiser Health News – Medical Loss Ratio
Department of Managed Health Care on MLR in Affordable Care Act
Our Webpage on MLR
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
§158.210 Minimum medical loss ratio.
§158.211 Requirement in States with a higher medical loss ratio.
§158.220 Aggregation of data in calculating an issuer’s medical loss ratio.
§158.221 Formula for calculating an issuer’s medical loss ratio.
§158.230 Credibility adjustment.
§158.231 Life-years used to determine credible experience.
§158.232 Calculating the credibility adjustment.
§158.240 Rebating premium if the applicable medical loss ratio standard is not met.
§158.241 Form of rebate.
§158.242 Recipients of rebates.
§158.243 De minimis rebates.
§158.244 Unclaimed rebates.
§158.250 Notice of rebates.
§158.251 Notice of MLR information.
§158.260 Reporting of rebates.
§158.270 Effect of rebate payments on solvency.
- December 1, 2010 OCIIO–9998–IFC: Health Insurance Issuers Implementing Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) Requirements Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act – Opens in a new window (PDF – 2 MB)
- Technical Appendix Interim Final Rule for Health Insurance Issuers Implementing Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) Requirements under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PDF – 300 KB)
- Technical Correction (December 30, 2010) Technical Correction to the Medical Loss Ratio Interim Final Rule – Opens in a new window (PDF – 59 KB)
- December 7, 2011 CMS-9998-FC: Medical Loss Ratio Requirements under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act – Opens in a new window CMS-9998-IFC2: Medical Loss Ratio Rebate Requirements for Non-Federal Governmental Plans – Opens in a new window
- May 16, 2012 CMS-9998-F: Medical Loss Ratio Requirements under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act – Opens in a new window
- May 16, 2012 CMS-9998-IFC3: Medical Loss Ratio Requirements under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Correcting Amendment – Opens in a new window
- November 30, 2012 CMS-9964-P: HHS Benefit and Payment Parameters for 2014, and Medical Loss Ratio – Opens in a new window
- March 11, 2013 CMS-9964-F: HHS Benefit and Payment Parameters for 2014 – Opens in a new window
- December 17, 2010 OCIIO Technical Guidance: Process for a State to Submit a Request for Adjustment to the Medical Loss Ratio Standard of PHS Act Section 2718 (PDF – 35 KB)
- April 26, 2011 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Submission of 2011 Quarterly Reports of MLR Data by Issuers of “Mini-med” and Expatriate Plans (PDF – 26 KB)
- May 13, 2011 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Interim Final Rule (PDF – 75 KB)
- May 19, 2011 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Deadline for Submission of 2011 First Quarter MLR Data by Issuers of “Mini-med” and Expatriate Plans (PDF – 26 KB)
- July 18, 2011 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Interim Final Rule (PDF – 66 KB)
- February 10, 2012 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Interim Final Rule (PDF – 94 KB)
- March 30, 2012 Memo to Insurance Companies: Medical Loss Ratio Annual Reporting Procedures (PDF – 96 KB)
- April 20, 2012 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Regulation (PDF – 101 KB)
- May 15, 2012 Memo to Insurance Companies: Guidance for Medical Loss Ratio Annual Reporting Form (PDF – 66 KB) Memo to Insurance Companies: Guidance for Medical Loss Ratio Notices of Rebates (PDF – 67 KB)
- May 24, 2012 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Reporting Form (PDF – 91 KB)
- May 30, 2012 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Reporting Requirements (PDF – 83 KB)
- July 17, 2012 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Reporting and Rebate Requirements (PDF – 69 KB)
- March 29, 2013 Memo to Insurance Companies: Guidance for 2012 Medical Loss Ratio Annual Reporting Form (PDF –119 KB) Memo to Insurance Companies: Announcement Regarding Training for 2012 Medical Loss Ratio Reporting Period (PDF – 125 KB)
- April 5, 2013 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Questions and Answers Regarding the MLR Reporting and Rebate Requirements (PDF – 139 KB)
- May 30, 2013 CCIIO Technical Guidance: Question and Answer Regarding the Requirement that Issuers of Certain Health Insurance Coverage Sold as Fixed Indemnity Insurance Submit an Annual Medical Loss Ratio (MLR) Report to the Secretary (PDF – 89 KB)
- July 2, 2013 CCIIO Technical Guidance Questions and Answers Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Reporting and Rebate Requirements [PDF, 109KB]
- December 30, 2013 CCIIO Technical Guidance (CCIIO 2013—0004): Question and Answer Regarding the Medical Loss Ratio Reporting and Rebate Requirements [PDF, 120KB]
Nearly 4,400 small businesses in California will share in $3.5 million in rebates from insurance giant UnitedHealth Group
about $98 each for nearly 36,000 small-business employees and dependents
Other companies are expected to disclose the size of their customer rebates later this week and send out money by Aug. 1.
Under the federal and state laws, insurers must spend at least 80% of premiums collected on medical care for individual and small-group policies, which cover businesses with 50 or fewer workers
it’s up to employers to decide how they share those savings under the federal law. Some employers may split the rebate money based on the percentage workers contribute to their annual premiums or they could reduce next year’s premium by a similar amount.
but the rules don’t address the larger issue of rising medical costs.
“Rebates are one way to adjust the price of insurance,” Johnston said, “but the bigger issues are containing cost and extending coverage.”